If you have planted pear trees recently, you may not have\nany fruit on the branches yet. In that\ncase, you may be wondering when pear trees bear fruit, and whether you might be\ndoing something wrong.\n\n\n\nSo, when does a pear tree bear fruit? Pear trees bloom in late February to mid-April and bear fruit in mid-August to mid-October. A pear tree will bear fruit 4 to 6 years after planting, and dwarf varieties will bear fruit 3 to 4 years after planting.\n\n\n\nOf course, the time that a pear tree blooms and produces\nfruit will depend on the variety you plant and the climate you live in. Generally, you will need to wait at least 3\nor 4 years before you start seeing fruit from your pear tree. You may need to wait even longer for a full\nharvest.\n\n\n\nThere are also other environmental factors, such as pollination,\nthat will determine how well a pear tree produces, and whether it bears fruit\nat all. Let\u2019s take a closer look at pear\ntrees, when they bear fruit, and the factors that affect your harvest.\n\n\n\nWhen Does A Pear Tree Bear Fruit?\n\n\n\nSome varieties of pear trees will bear fruit as early as\nAugust. However, there are others that will\nbear fruit as late as October.\n\n\n\nGenerally, the white flowers on a pear tree will bloom in\nlate February to mid-April. The fruit\nwill appear on the tree a couple of months later, and it will be ready for\nharvest another 1 to 2 months after that.\n\n\n\nPear tree blossoms are white and show up in late February to mid-April.\n\n\n\nDo Pear Trees Produce Fruit Every Year?\n\n\n\nNo, pear trees do not produce fruit every year. Young pear trees take several years to mature\nenough to produce fruit.\n\n\n\nMany pear trees will start producing a small amount of fruit\nin their third year. Full fruit production\nmay not occur until 4 to 6 years into the tree\u2019s life.\n\n\n\nThis red pear has the shape that many people are familiar with.\n\n\n\nRemember that dwarf varieties can start producing fruit a\nyear or two sooner than standard varieties. \nAlso keep in mind that trees purchased from a nursery will already be\none or two years old.\n\n\n\nSo, if you want to get fruit sooner rather than later,\nconsider buying an established dwarf pear tree from a nursery. That way, you may very well get your first\npear harvest within a year or two of buying and planting the tree.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on pears from the Old Farmer\u2019s Almanac.\n\n\n\nRemember that if you plant a seed harvested from a pear tree, you may end up growing a tree that will never bear fruit. To ensure fruit production, buy established trees from a nursery.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out my article on the difference between organic and heirloom seeds, and my article on the pros and cons of hybrid seeds.\n\n\n\nRemember that in some cases, a pear tree will be biennial\nbearing. This simply means that they\nonly flower every other year. This means\nthat you would only get fruit every other year.\n\n\n\nBiennial bearing is more common in younger trees. It often occurs when you have one year when\nthe tree produces lots of fruit. After\nthat, the tree\u2019s reserves are exhausted, and it must \u201crest\u201d for a year before\nproducing lots of flowers and fruit again.\n\n\n\nTo counter biennial bearing, use fruit thinning. This involves pinching off some of the\nflowers or fruit that appear on the tree.\n\n\n\nTo prevent biennial bearing, you may have to pull off some immature fruit if the pear tree sets a very heavy load.\n\n\n\nFruit thinning will prevent biennial bearing. It will also reduce the risk that excessive fruit\nproduction will damage or break branches. \nThe entire pear tree can fall over in some cases, especially in high\nwinds!\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on fruit trees from the Penn State University Extension.\n\n\n\nHow Much Fruit Does A Pear Tree Produce?\n\n\n\nThe amount of fruit you get from your pear tree depends on\nlots of environmental conditions. It\nalso depends on the variety you planted.\n\n\n\nFor European varieties, a pear tree will produce 4-6 bushels\nof fruit, and a dwarf tree will produce 2-3 bushels of fruit. Examples of European pear varieties include\nAnjou, Bartlett, and Colette.\n\n\n\nThe harvest you get depends on the type of pear tree you plant: European or Asian, standard height or dwarf, it all makes a difference.\n\n\n\nFor Asian varieties, a pear tree will produce 3-6 bushels of\nfruit, and a dwarf tree will produce 1-3 bushels of fruit. Examples of Asian pear varieties include\nHosui, Kosui, and Shinseiki.\n\n\n\nA bushel of pears weighs about 50 pounds. That means that most healthy trees will\nproduce at least 50 pounds of fruit per year. \nYou could get up to 150 pounds of fruit from a dwarf pear tree and up to\n300 pounds of fruit from a very productive full-size pear tree!\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on fruit tree yields on the Stark Brothers website.\n\n\n\nPear trees can live to be 50 years old or more, ensuring\nthat you get many good years of harvests if you care for them properly.\n\n\n\nWhat Kind Of Pear Tree Should I Plant?\n\n\n\nWhen selecting a pear tree, make sure that you choose one that can be grown in your climate! For more information, check out the USDA Zone Hardiness Map to find out which zone you are in.\n\n\n\nHere are some different varieties of pear trees that you\nmight want to try.\n\n\n\nBartlett Pear \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces large yellow fruit that matures in late August. Bears fruit in 4 to 6 years. For more information, check out the Bartlett Pear tree on the Stark Brothers website.Kieffer Pear \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 4 to 9, and produces medium to large green fruit that matures in mid-October. Bears fruit in 4 to 6 years. For more information, check out the Kieffer Pear tree on the Stark Brothers website.Anjou Pear \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces large, green fruit that matures in late September. Bears fruit in 4 to 6 years. For more information, check out the Anjou Pear tree on the Stark Brothers website.Chojuro Pear \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces medium to large brown fruit that matures in late August. Bears fruit in 4 to 6 years. For more information, check out the Chojuro Pear tree on the Stark Brothers website.Starking Hardy Giant Asian Pear \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces large brown fruit that matures in mid-September. Bears fruit in 4 to 6 years. For more information, check out the Starking Hardy Giant Asian Pear tree on the Stark Brothers website.Sunrise Pear \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces medium to large yellow fruit that matures in early to mid-August. Bears fruit in 4 to 6 years. For more information, check out the Sunrise Pear tree on the Stark Brothers website.Colette Everbearing Pear \u2013 this tree is uniquein that it is self-pollinating! This means you only need one of this tree to get fruit. It grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces large yellow fruit that matures in mid to late September. Bears fruit in 4 to 7 years. For more information, check out the Colette Everbearing Pear tree on the Stark Brothers website.\n\n\n\nIf you only want to buy one tree and still get fruit, check out my article on self-pollinating pear trees.\n\n\n\nIt will take quite a few years for a pear tree to grow to this size!\n\n\n\nDo You Have to Have Two Pear Trees To Produce Fruit?\n\n\n\nIn most cases, you will need at least two pear trees, each\nof a different variety, to produce fruit. \nThis is because most pear tree varieties are not self-pollinating (also\ncalled self-unfruitful). Thus, they\ncannot produce fruit from their own pollen.\n\n\n\nIt is important to remember that two pear trees of same\nvariety cannot pollinate each other. \nTherefore, if you want fruit from your trees, you will need at least 2\ndifferent varieties for successful cross pollination to occur.\n\n\n\nThere are exceptions, of course, including the Colette\nEverbearing Pear (mentioned above), along with some others, available the Stark\nBrothers website.\n\n\n\nWhat Other Factors Affect Fruit On Pear Trees?\n\n\n\nOf course, the amount of care you give your pear trees will\nhave a huge impact on the amount of fruit that they produce. Some important factors that can affect fruit\nyield include temperature, watering, fertilizing, and pruning.\n\n\n\nTemperature\n\n\n\nTemperature is tricky, since pear trees will not be able to\nsurvive prolonged, excessive cold. Also,\na late spring frost has the potential to kill all of the buds or flowers and\nprevent the tree from growing any pears that year.\n\n\n\nOn the other hand, mild winters are another scenario that\nmay prevent your pear tree from producing. \nMost fruit trees, including pear trees, need a certain number of\nchilling hours in the winter.\n\n\n\nA chilling hour is simply an hour when the tree is exposed\nto a temperature from 32 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit (0 to 7 degrees\nCelsius). Most pear trees need 600 to\n1000 chilling hours each winter, in order to break dormancy so they can produce\nflowers and fruit. However, there are\nsome low-chill pear trees that only require 400 chilling hours.\n\n\n\nThis may be frustrating if you live in a warm area, but it\nis nature\u2019s way of protecting the tree. If the tree flowers too early\nduring a mild winter, a late spring frost can kill all of the flowers and\ndestroy any chance of a pear harvest that year.\n\n\n\nBefore purchasing pear trees online, make sure that your\nclimate gets enough chilling hours in the winter to produce fruit, while also\nstaying warm enough to keep the tree alive.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on chilling hours from the University of California.\n\n\n\nWatering\n\n\n\nWhen you water your pear trees, make sure to give them deep,\ninfrequent waterings. This will\nstimulate the root system to grow deeper and more extensive, rather than\nremaining shallow and hovering near the surface of the soil.\n\n\n\nBe careful not to under or over water your pear trees!\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on growing pears from the University of Minnesota Extension.\n\n\n\nRemember that it is possible to over water your plants, in terms of both amount of water and frequency of watering. For more information, check out my article on over watering your plants.\n\n\n\nFertilizing\n\n\n\nBefore you plant your pear tree, make sure to work plenty of compost into your soil. This ensures that the tree has plenty of organic material, and it also provides important nutrients. For more information, check out my article on how to make your own compost.\n\n\n\nCompost should be your first line of defense against nutrient deficiencies. Fertilizer should be used as a supplement only if necessary.\n\n\n\nYou may also need to fertilize to supplement important nutrients, especially if the soil quality in your yard is poor. The best way to determine this is to do a soil test. For more information, check out my article on how to do a soil test.\n\n\n\nFinally, remember that it is possible to over fertilize your trees. This is especially true if you use a high-nitrogen fertilizer when it is unnecessary to do so. For more information, check out my article on over fertilizing and my article on low-nitrogen fertilizer.\n\n\n\nPruning\n\n\n\nPruning your pear trees is a good way to keep the plant\nlooking good. It also helps to ensure\nthat your trees are producing enough healthy, good-size fruit without breaking their\nbranches.\n\n\n\nPears produce fruit on wood that is 2 to 3 years old. This means that a branch will not produce any\nfruit in its first year. If you see any\ntall, thin, vertical branches coming up from the pear tree, cut them back to\nallow more horizontal growth.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on pear pruning from harvestotable.com.\n\n\n\nConclusion\n\n\n\nBy now, you have a much better idea of when to expect your\npear trees to produce fruit. You also know\nhow to take care of them to get the best chance of a successful harvest in late\nsummer to early fall.\n\n\n\nI hope you found this article helpful \u2013 if so, please share it with someone else who can use the information.\n\n\n\nIf you have other types of fruit trees, you might want to check out my article on when a fig tree bears fruit, my article on when a cherry tree bears fruit, and my article on when a peach tree bears fruit.\n\n\n\nYou can learn about dwarf fruit trees, which are easier to maintain and harvest from, in my article here or read my article on cold hardy fruit trees.