If you recently planted grape vines in your yard, you may not have any fruit\non them just yet. In that case, you are probably wondering when grape\nvines produce grapes, and if there is anything you can do to help them along.\n\n\n\nSo, when does a grape vine produce grapes? \nA grape vine produces grapes that\nare ready for harvest between September and November in northern climates. Most grape vines will not produce fruit until\nthree years after planting, although some can produce a little fruit before\nthen.\n\n\n\nOf course, depending on the variety of grape vine you choose, you may get\nfewer grapes or smaller fruit.\n\n\n\nOther factors such as crowded spacing, over fertilization, and environmental\nconditions can all affect the growth of fruit on your grape vines.\n\n\n\nLet\u2019s take a closer look at grape vines, when they bear fruit, and the\nfactors that can affect your harvest.\n\n\n\nWhen Do Grape Vines Produce Grapes?\n\n\n\nMost grape vines will not produce a significant amount of\nfruit until their third year. Grape\nvines produce fruit on 1 year old canes (that is, the prior year\u2019s growth).\n\n\n\nGrape vines produce fruit on 2nd year growth (canes).\n\n\n\nIn the first and perhaps second years of life, grape vines will start to store sugar and nutrients.\n\n\n\nSome grape vines will produce fruit before the third year, but it will not be much, and it will be small fruit. (Producing fruit early takes resources away from growth of the vine itself.)\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on the lifecycle of a wine grapevine from Wine Folly.\n\n\n\nDo Grape Vines Produce Fruit The First Year?\n\n\n\nGrape vines will sometimes produce fruit in the first year\nafter planting. However, they generally do\nnot produce substantial fruit until the 3rd year.\n\n\n\nIt is important to remember that first-year wood will not\nproduce fruit. Instead, grapes come from\nbuds that grow on canes (last year\u2019s growth).\n\n\n\nMost grape vines do not start producing significant fruit until their third year.\n\n\n\nAs such, it is important to prune away old wood (growth from\nprior years) to make way for new (more on this later).\n\n\n\nHow Much Fruit Does A Grape Vine Produce?\n\n\n\nA grape vine grown for table grapes can produce 20 pounds of\nfruit per year. A grape vine grown for\nwine grapes can produce 12 pounds of fruit per year.\n\n\n\nA grape vine for table grapes can produce 20 pounds of fruit per year, while a grape vine for wine can produce 12 pounds of fruit per year.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on grapes from Monrovia.\n\n\n\nHow Long Does A Grape Vine Live?\n\n\n\nGrape vines can live for 50 to 100 years, and can produce\nfruit for much of this time. Of course,\nthis assumes that the grape vine receives the proper care.\n\n\n\nFor more information on care for grape vines, check out this article on grapes from the Oregon State University Extension.\n\n\n\nWhat Type Of Grape Vine Should I Plant?\n\n\n\nWhen selecting a grape vine, make sure to choose one that you can grow in\nyour climate! For more information, check out\nthe USDA Zone Hardiness Map to see what zone you are in.\n\n\n\nHere are some grape varieties that you might want to try:\n\n\n\nMars Seedless PP5680 Grape \u2013 this grape vine is self-pollinating. It grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces blue or purple fruit that matures in August to September. The mature plant will be 5 to 6 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide. For more information, check out the Mars Seedless PP5680 Grape on the Burpee website.Concord Grape \u2013 this grape vine is self-pollinating. It grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces sweet, seeded, blue or purple fruit that matures in mid-September. The mature plant will be 5 to 6 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide. For more information, check out the Concord Grape on the Burpee website.Reliance Seedless Grape \u2013 this grape vine is self-pollinating. It grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces seedless, red fruit that matures in late August. The mature plant will be 5 to 6 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide. For more information, check out the Reliance Seedless Grape on the Burpee website.Jupiter Grape \u2013 this grape vine is self-pollinating. It grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces large, seedless, blue or purple fruit that matures in September. The mature plant will be 5 to 7 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet wide. For more information, check out the Jupiter Grape on the Burpee website.Hope Seedless Grape \u2013 this grape vine is self-pollinating. It grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces seedless green fruit. The mature plant will be 4 to 6 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide. For more information, check out the Hope Seedless Grape on the Burpee website.Saint Theresa Grape \u2013 this grape vine is self-pollinating. It grows in Zones 4 to 7, and produces seedless, purple fruit that matures in early September. It is cold hardy to -30 degrees Fahrenheit! The mature plant will be 15 to 20 feet tall and 15 to 20 feet wide. For more information, check out the Saint Theresa Grape on the Burpee website.\n\n\n\nDo You Need Two Grape Vines To Produce Fruit?\n\n\n\nNo, you do not need two grape vines to produce fruit, since\nmost varieties are self-pollinating.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on the annual cycle of grapes from the Cooperative Extension.\n\n\n\nWhat Other Factors Can Affect Fruit On Grape Vines?\n\n\n\nThe quality of care that you give your grape vines will help to decide how\nmuch fruit you get each year. Remember that grape vines need full sun (8\nor more hours or sunlight per day).\n\n\n\nOther important factors for grape vines are temperature, watering,\nfertilizing, pruning, and spacing.\n\n\n\nTemperature For Grape Vines\n\n\n\nThe cold hardiness of grape vines depends on the season.\n\n\n\nIn the fall, most grape vines can tolerate a temperature of 15\ndegrees Fahrenheit (-9.4 degrees Celsius), and some slightly lower.\n\n\n\nIn the winter, most grape vines can tolerate a temperature\nof -7 degrees Fahrenheit (-21.7 degrees Celsius), although some can tolerate\ndown to -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-28.9 degrees Celsius).\n\n\n\nIn the spring, after the buds break, the temperature\ntolerance is 29.8 degrees Fahrenheit (-1.2 degrees Celsius) for most grape\nvarieties.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on grape cold hardiness from the Washington State University Extension.\n\n\n\nWatering For Grape Vines\n\n\n\nGrape vines should be given a good initial watering when you plant them, and the Farmer\u2019s Almanac also suggests soaking the roots for 2 to 3 hours before planting.\n\n\n\nAfter that, grape vines normally don\u2019t need much water. In fact, a bit of drought stress can\nencourage them to grow stronger roots systems. \nSlight water stress can also cause the grapes themselves to be a bit\nsweeter.\n\n\n\nGrapes don't need much water, so take it easy with the watering can!\n\n\n\nSignificant water stress, caused by long periods of drought, can become\nworse in gardens with dry soil. If you\nhave a problem with dry soil, check out my article on dry soil.\n\n\n\nOn the other hand, over watering can also spell death for your grape vines,\ndue to root rot or fungal diseases. Over watering can also slow root\ngrowth and leach nutrients out of the soil. \nFor more information, check out my article on over watering.\n\n\n\nFertilizing For Grape Vines\n\n\n\nBefore you plant a grape vine, add some compost to your soil. It will\nprovide organic material and nutrients for your grape vine as it grows. \nThe best part is that you can make compost yourself from ordinary yard and\nkitchen waste!\n\n\n\nCompost allows you to recycle kitchen and yard waste while providing nutrients and organic material to your soil.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out my article on how to make your own compost.\n\n\n\nIt may be necessary to use fertilizers as a supplement to compost, in order\nto provide extra nutrients if you soil is lacking. The best way to tell if you\nneed fertilizer is with a soil test.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out my article on soil testing.\n\n\n\nIn general, grape vines should be fertilized rarely. If you do need to fertilize, use a balanced fertilizer such as 16-16-16. To learn more about fertilizer numbers and what they mean, check out my article on NPK ratios.\n\n\n\nA soil test will also indicate the pH of your soil. The ideal pH range\nfor grape vines is between 5.5 (somewhat acidic) and 6.5 (slightly acidic).\n\n\n\nIf your soil pH is too low (acidic), you can add lime (calcium carbonate) to\nraise it.\n\n\n\nIf your soil pH is too high (basic), you can add sulfur to lower it.\n\n\n\nFinally, remember that it is possible to harm or kill your grape vines by\nover fertilizing them. For example, too much nitrogen can prevent your grape\nvines from producing any fruit.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out my article on over fertilizing and my article on low-nitrogen fertilizers.\n\n\n\nPruning For Grape Vines\n\n\n\nPruning is very important for grape vines. Trimming away the old wood makes room for new\nvines to grow (these vines will eventually produce fruit after they become canes\nin their second year).\n\n\n\nPruning grape vines is a very important part of their care. Getting rid of old growth makes way for new growth - and fruit!\n\n\n\nIt may sound extreme, but according to the Oregon State University Extension, you should expect to prune off 90% of the wood that was produced by your grape vine in the last year.\n\n\n\nFor more information about pruning during the first few years of a grapevine\u2019s life, check out this article about pruning grapevines from the Ohio State University Extension.\n\n\n\nSpacing For Grape Vines\n\n\n\nWhen planting American varieties of grape vines, plant them\n6 feet apart within a row. Hybrid grape\nvarieties should be planed 6 to 8 feet apart in a row.\n\n\n\nLeave 9 to 10 feet between rows of grapes. You can produce a beautiful addition to your yard by growing grapes up trellises, arbors, or pergolas.\n\n\n\nConclusion\n\n\n\nBy now, you have a good idea of when grape vines will produce fruit. \nYou also know a bit more about how to take care of grape vines and how to avoid\nthe problems that can affect your harvest.\n\n\n\nI hope you found this article helpful \u2013 if so, please share it with someone\nwho can use the information. If you have any questions or advice about grape\nvines, please leave a comment below.