If you recently planted currants in your yard, you may not have any fruit on\nthem just yet. In that case, you are probably wondering when currants\nproduce fruit, and if there is anything you can do to help them along.\n\n\n\nSo, when does a currant produce fruit? A currant bush produces fruit that are ready for harvest between\nmid-June and August, depending on the variety. \nMost currants will not produce fruit until 1 to 3 years after\nplanting. Berry production will increase\nas the currant bush becomes older and more mature.\n\n\n\nOf course, depending on the variety of currant you choose, you may get fewer\nor smaller fruit.\n\n\n\nOther factors such as crowded spacing, over fertilization, and environmental\nconditions can all affect the growth of fruit on your currants.\n\n\n\nLet\u2019s take a closer look at currants, when they bear fruit, and the factors\nthat can affect your harvest.\n\n\n\nWhen Do Currants Produce Fruit?\n\n\n\nAccording to the University of Michigan Extension, a currant bush will produce fruit 1 to 3 years after planting. The berries on currant bushes are ready to harvest between mid-June and August, depending on the variety.\n\n\n\nCurrants are usually ready for harvest in mid-June and August. Here we see some red currants that are nice and ripe.\n\n\n\nMost brand-new currant bushes will not produce fruit. Any flowers that appear in the first year should\nbe pinched off. This will allow the\ncurrant bush to focus its energy on root and shoot growth for future\nproduction, rather than trying to produce a few berries.\n\n\n\nDo Currants Produce Fruit the First Year?\n\n\n\nNo, currants do not produce fruit in the first year. You should expect to wait 1 to 3 years before\na currant bush produces fruit.\n\n\n\nCurrants do not produce fruit in the first year. Here, we have white currants, which are growing on a well-established currant bush.\n\n\n\nMore mature currant bushes will produce more fruit as they\nget older. However, keep in mind that any\nshoots on a currant bush that are more than 4 years old will produce very\nlittle fruit.\n\n\n\nThis is why pruning currants is so important \u2013 more on this\nlater.\n\n\n\nHow Much Fruit Do Currants Produce?\n\n\n\nA mature currant bush will produce 3 to 8 pounds of berries per year (according to the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, a currant bush will produce 90 to 150 pounds per 100 feet of row, with plants spaced 3 to 5 feet apart).\n\n\n\nA currant bush can produce 3 to 8 pounds of fruit per year. More mature plants will produce more berries. Here, we have a black currant bush.\n\n\n\nCurrants grow in clusters of 8 to 30 berries that are about\nthe size of peas. The clusters of fruit\nlook similar to bunches of grapes. The\nberries on currant bushes come in red, white, and black colors, depending on\nthe variety.\n\n\n\nHow Long Do Currants Live?\n\n\n\nAccording to Burpee, currants can live for 20 to 30 years with proper care, including watering, fertilizing, spacing, and pruning (more on this later).\n\n\n\nCurrants can live 20 or 30 years with proper care!\n\n\n\nAccording to Utah State University Extension, a well-cared for plant will remain productive for 20 years.\n\n\n\nWhat Type Of Currants Should I Plant?\n\n\n\nWhen selecting a currant bush, make sure to choose one that you can grow in\nyour climate! For more information, check out\nthe USDA Zone Hardiness Map to see what zone you are in.\n\n\n\nNote: many currant varieties are quite cold-tolerant; you may need to worry\nabout your climate being too warm rather than too cold!\n\n\n\nHere are some currant varieties that you might want to try:\n\n\n\nRed Lake Currant \u2013 this currant grows in Zones 3 to 7, and produces large red berries that ripen in late spring through summer.\u00a0 The mature plant will be 4 to 5 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. \u00a0For more information, check out Red Lake Currants on the Burpee website.Consort Black Currant \u2013 this currant grows in Zones 3 to 7, and produces medium black berries that ripen in late summer.\u00a0 The mature plant will be 4 to 5 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. \u00a0For more information, check out Consort Black Currants on the Burpee website.Rovada Red Currant \u2013 this currant grows in Zones 3 to 7, and produces large red berries that ripen in late July.\u00a0 The mature plant will be 3 to 5 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. \u00a0For more information, check out Rovada Red Currants on the Burpee website.Jonkheer Van Tets Early Red Currant \u2013 this currant grows in Zones 3 to 7, and produces large red berries that ripen in early July.\u00a0 The mature plant will be 3 to 4 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. \u00a0For more information, check out Jonkheer Van Tets Early Red Currants on the Burpee website.\n\n\n\nAlso, keep in mind that some states have restrictions on importing\nand growing currants, due to the prevalence of a disease (white pine blister\nrust) in the plants (there was a federal ban until 1966). If you have white pines in your yard, be\ncareful about planting currants near them.\n\n\n\nDo You Need Two Currants To Produce Fruit?\n\n\n\nNo, you do not need two currants to produce fruit. Most currant varieties are self-fruitful\n(self-pollinating), meaning that their flowers have both male and female parts.\n\n\n\nMost currant varieties (the exception is some black currant varieties) are self-fertile, or self-pollinating. Still, having more than one variety present and having bees to help cross-pollinate will give more fruit and larger berries.\n\n\n\nHowever, currants will produce more fruit and larger berries\nif another variety is present to provide cross pollination.\n\n\n\nAlso, keep in mind that some black currant varieties are not\nself-fruitful, and would require a second variety to be present in your garden to\nensure proper pollination and fruit set.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on currants from the University of Maryland Extension.\n\n\n\nWhat Other Factors Can Affect Fruit On Currants?\n\n\n\nThe quality of care that you give your currant bushes will help to decide how much fruit you get each year. Remember that currants do not need full sun; according to the Iowa State University Extension, currants can do well in partial sun.\n\n\n\nOther important factors for currants are temperature, watering, fertilizing,\npruning, and spacing.\n\n\n\nTemperature for Currants\n\n\n\nCurrants are extremely winter hardy. They can tolerate temperatures as cold as -31 to -22 degrees Fahrenheit (-35 to -30 degrees Celsius).\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on currants from the Penn State University Extension.\n\n\n\nMost currants will do fine in USDA Zones 3 to 7. Anything further south than Zone 7 may be too\nwarm, while some northern climates will be too cold for them in the winter.\n\n\n\nWatering For Currants\n\n\n\nCurrants have a shallow, fibrous root system. As a result, drip irrigation work well for\nthem. This method also prevents the\nleaves from getting wet, which reduces the chances of disease. \n\n\n\nFor more information on watering, check out this article on currants from the Utah State University Extension.\n\n\n\nSignificant water stress, caused by long periods of drought, can become\nworse in gardens with dry soil. If you have a problem with dry soil, check out my article on dry soil.\n\n\n\nMake sure not to over water or under water your currant bushes!\n\n\n\nOn the other hand, over watering can also spell death for your currants, due\nto root rot or fungal diseases. Over watering can also slow root growth\nand leach nutrients out of the soil. For more information, check out my article on over watering.\n\n\n\nFertilizing For Currants\n\n\n\nAccording to the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, currants are heavy nitrogen feeders. Before you plant a currant bush, add some compost with manure to your garden, and work it into the soil.\n\n\n\nCurrants are a heavy nitrogen feeder, so mixing manure into your soil before planting is a good idea.\n\n\n\nThis will provide organic material and nutrients for your currant bush as it\ngrows. The best part is that you can make compost yourself from ordinary\nyard and kitchen waste!\n\n\n\nBe sure to let manure decompose before using it in your garden. For more information, check out my article on manure.\n\n\n\nCurrants prefer soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0 (slightly to somewhat acidic). If your currant bush is not vigorous, use some 10-10-10 fertilizer to give them a boost.\n\n\n\nYou can also try some high-nitrogen fertilizers to give your currants a boost. For more information, check out my article on high-nitrogen fertilizers.\n\n\n\nAs always, you should do a soil test if you are unsure about whether you should add fertilizer or other amendments to your garden. For more information, check out my article on soil testing.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on currants from the Burpee website.\n\n\n\nPruning for Currants\n\n\n\nCurrants should be pruned in late winter or early spring,\nduring dormancy.\n\n\n\nYou should prune currants in late winter or early spring, when the bush is still in dormancy.\n\n\n\nAfter the first growing season, remove all but 6 to 8 of the\nmost vigorous shoots.\n\n\n\nThe next year, leave 4 to 5 one-year-old shoots and 3 to 4\ntwo-year-old canes.\n\n\n\nAfter the third year, keep 3 or 4 shoots (canes) from each\nyear\u2019s growth.\n\n\n\nIf you have trouble telling canes from different years\napart, you can mark them with different colors of string and record the age and\ncorresponding color in your gardening journal.\n\n\n\nFor more information on pruning, check out this article on currants from the Iowa State University Extension.\n\n\n\nSpacing for Currants\n\n\n\nYou should plant currants in spring, leaving 4 to 5 feet between\nbushes. There should be 6 to 8 feet between\nrows, to allow enough space for pruning, watering, and harvesting.\n\n\n\nConclusion\n\n\n\nBy now, you have a good idea of when currants will produce fruit. You\nalso know a bit more about how to take care of currant bushes and how to avoid\nthe problems that can affect your harvest.\n\n\n\nI hope you found this article helpful \u2013 if so, please share it with someone\nwho can use the information. If you have any questions or advice about\ncurrants, please leave a comment below.