If you have planted cherry trees recently, you may not have\nany fruit yet. If that is the case, you\nmay be wondering when cherry trees bear fruit, and whether you are doing\nsomething wrong.\n\n\n\nSo, when does a cherry tree bear fruit? Cherry trees bloom in the spring and bear cherries in late May, June, or early July. A sweet cherry tree will bear fruit 5 to 9 years after planting, while a sour cherry tree will bear fruit 4 to 6 years after planting.\n\n\n\nOf course, the time that a cherry tree blooms and bears fruit\nwill depend on the climate. Also, the\nnumber of years you need to wait for fruit will depend on the type of tree you\ndecide to plant.\n\n\n\nIn addition, there are environmental factors, such as\npollination, that will determine how well a cherry tree produces, and whether\nit bears fruit at all. Let\u2019s get into\nmore detail about when cherry trees bear fruit.\n\n\n\nWhen Does A Cherry Tree Bear Fruit?\n\n\n\nIn warmer climates, like California, some cherry trees will\nproduce fruit early and will yield a harvest in May. Most cherry fruit will not be ready until\nJune, however.\n\n\n\nAfter cherry blossoms appear, there is at least a month to wait for fruit to appear.\n\n\n\nGenerally, there is a 1-month wait between the time when a\ncherry tree drops its white or pink blossoms and the time it has fruit ready to\npick and eat. \n\n\n\nDoes A Cherry Tree Produce Fruit Every Year?\n\n\n\nNo, cherry trees do not produce fruit every year. Young cherry trees take several years to\nmature enough to produce fruit.\n\n\n\nThere are two basic types of cherry trees: sweet cherries and sour cherries (also called tart or pie cherries). Sweet cherry trees take 5 to 9 years to grow to the point where they can produce fruit.\n\n\n\nSour cherry trees will mature faster and produce fruit sooner than sweet cherry trees.\n\n\n\nSour cherry trees mature a little faster than sweet cherry trees. Sour cherry trees take only 4 to 6 years to grow to the point where they can produce fruit.\n\n\n\nRemember that if you plant seeds (stones) harvested from cherry trees, you may end up with a tree that will never produce fruit. To ensure fruit production, buy established trees from a nursery.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out my article on the difference between organic and heirloom seeds, and my article on the pros and cons of hybrid seeds.\n\n\n\nOf course, there are many different varieties of both sweet\nand sour cherry trees. The time to\nproduce fruit will vary depending on what you choose to plant.\n\n\n\nYou can also choose to purchase cherry trees that are 1 or 2\nyears old from a nursery. This will cut\nback on the time you need to wait for a cherry harvest.\n\n\n\nIf you want to harvest cherries even sooner, consider planting dwarf varieties of cherry trees. Dwarf varieties are shorter and easier to harvest from. According to the Old Farmer\u2019s Almanac, they also mature about one year sooner than standard cherry tree varieties. For more information, check out this article on cherries from the Old Farmer\u2019s Almanac.\n\n\n\nRemember that some cherry trees are biennial bearing,\nmeaning that they only flower every other year. \nThis is more common in younger trees, but it may mean that you miss a\nyear of fruit here and there. Of course,\nthere could be other reasons that your cherry harvest is poor or nonexistent \u2013\nmore on this later.\n\n\n\nHow Much Fruit Does A Cherry Tree Produce?\n\n\n\nAccording to the Farmer\u2019s Almanac, sweet cherry trees will\nproduce 30 to 50 quarts of cherries per year (15 to 20 quarts for dwarf\nvarieties).\n\n\n\nOn the other hand, sour cherry trees will produce 20 to 60\nquarts of cherries per year (15 to 20 quarts for dwarf varieties).\n\n\n\nA mature cherry tree can produce 20 to 60 quarts of fruit per year (15 to 20 quarts per year for dwarf varieties).\n\n\n\nCherry trees can survive for 20 years or more, ensuring that\nyou get many years of good harvests if you take care of them properly.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on cherry trees from the Stark Brothers website.\n\n\n\nWhat Kind Of Cherry Tree Should I Plant?\n\n\n\nIt depends what kind of cherries you want, and how\nsoon! Here are some options for sweet,\nsour, and dwarf varieties.\n\n\n\nMany of the cherry trees in Washington, DC will not produce any fruit, but they are nice to look at!\n\n\n\nSweet Cherry Trees\n\n\n\nStarking Hardy Giant Antique Sweet Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 9, and produces large red cherries that mature in mid-June. Bears fruit in 4 to 7 years. For more information, check out the Starking Hardy Giant Antique Sweet Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.Starkrimson Sweet Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces large red cherries that are mature in late June. Bears fruit in 4 to 7 years. For more information, check out the Starkrimson Sweet Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.Black Tartarian Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces medium to large red cherries that are mature in June. Bears fruit in 4 to 7 years. For more information, check out the Black Tartarian Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.Stark Gold Sweet Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zone 5 to 7, and produces small yellow cherries that are mature in mid-June. Bears fruit in 4 to 7 years. Can withstand temperatures down to -30 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 degrees Celsius). For more information, check out the Stark Gold Sweet Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.\n\n\n\nSour (Pie) Cherry Trees\n\n\n\nStark Montmorency Pie Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 4 to 7, and produces medium red cherries that are mature in June. Bears fruit in 3 to 5 years. For more information, check out the Stark Montmorency Pie Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.Balaton Pie Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces large red cherries that are mature in late June. Bears fruit in 3 to 5 years. For more information, check out the Balaton Pie Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.North Star Pie Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces large red cherries that are mature in June. Bears fruit in 3 to 5 years. For more information, check out the North Star Pie Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.Stark Surecrop Pie Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 4 to 7, and produces large red cherries that mature in late June. Bears fruit in 3 to 5 years. For more information, check out the Stark Surecrop Pie Cherry tree on the Stark Brothers website.\n\n\n\nDwarf Cherry Trees\n\n\n\nJuliet Dwarf Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 2 to 7, and produces large, dark red cherries. It only grows to a height of 5 to 10 feet, and bears up to 25 pounds of fruit at 5 years. Hardy to -40 degrees Fahrenheit (-40 degrees Celsius). For more information, check out the Juliet Dwarf Cherry tree on the Gurney's website.Romeo Dwarf Cherry \u2013 this tree grows in Zones 2 to 7, and produces large, dark red cherries. It only grows to a height of 6 to 7 feet, and bears up to 25 pounds of fruit. Hardy to -40 degrees Fahrenheit (-40 degrees Celsius). For more information, check out the Romeo Dwarf Cherry tree on the Gurney's website.\n\n\n\nDo You Have To Have Two Cherry Trees To Produce Fruit?\n\n\n\nIn some cases, you do need at least two cherry trees to produce\nfruit.\n\n\n\nYou only need one sour cherry tree in order to produce fruit. This is because a sour cherry tree is self-pollinating, or self-fruitful.\n\n\n\nThis means that the male part of a flower will release\npollen onto the female part of the flower, thus pollinating itself. However, remember that self-pollination does\nnot mean guaranteed pollination.\n\n\n\nSour cherry trees are self-pollinating, meaning that they do not need another cherry tree nearby to produce fruit.\n\n\n\nYou still need a bee, the wind, or some other pollinator to\nstimulate the flowers to release pollen. \nIf you don\u2019t have many bees in your area, you can do this yourself with\nan electric toothbrush. However, this\nmight be dangerous with a tall cherry tree!\n\n\n\nOn the other hand, if you want to grow sweet cherries, you will need at least two trees, each of a different variety. This is because most sweet cherry varieties are not self-pollinating. They need to cross-pollinate, or receive pollen from another tree, in order to produce fruit.\n\n\n\nThere are exceptions, of course. According to the Old Farmer\u2019s Almanac, there\nis a new variety of sweet cherry tree, Stella, which is also a dwarf and a\nself-pollinating tree.\n\n\n\nAccording to Iowa State University, there are also some other varieties of sweet cherries, such as BlackGold and WhiteGold, which are self-pollinating. For more information, check out this article on cherry tree pollination from the Iowa State University Extension.\n\n\n\nWhat Other Factors Affect Fruit On Cherry Trees?\n\n\n\nOf course, the care that you give your cherry trees is a\nmajor factor in how much fruit they produce, and whether they produce fruit at\nall. Things like temperature, watering,\nfertilizing, and pruning can all affect the cherry harvest in June.\n\n\n\nTemperature\n\n\n\nCherry trees cannot grow just anywhere. While some are hardy to temperatures of -40\ndegrees Fahrenheit (-40 degrees Celsius), many will not survive such cold.\n\n\n\nOn the other hand, cherry trees do need some cold during the\nyear in order to produce fruit. Much\nlike blueberry bushes, cherry trees require a certain number of chilling hours\nduring the winter. A chilling hour is\none between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit (0 and 7 degrees Celsius).\n\n\n\nCherry trees need some chilling hours during the winter to break dormancy and produce flowers and fruit.\n\n\n\nIf a cherry tree does not get enough chilling hours in the\nwinter, it will not break dormancy and will fail to produce flowers or fruit. This may be frustrating if you live in a warm\narea, but it is nature\u2019s way of protecting the tree. If the tree flowers too early during a mild\nwinter, a late spring frost can kill all of the flowers and destroy any chance\nof a cherry harvest that year.\n\n\n\nSome cherry trees only require 200 chilling hours, while\nothers need up to 1200 chilling hours. It\nall depends on the variety, so be sure to check the USDA Hardiness Zone for any\ntrees you plan on buying. Make sure your\nclimate gets enough chilling hours, while also staying warm enough to keep the cherry\ntrees alive.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out this article on chilling hours for fruit trees from the University of California.\n\n\n\nWatering\n\n\n\nCherry trees may need several gallons of water during the\nhottest, driest parts of the summer. \nHowever, it is possible to over water your plants, so make sure not to\nkeep the soil constantly soggy around your cherry tree\u2019s roots.\n\n\n\nBe sure to give your cherry trees enough water, but not too much. It is a balancing act, and it depends on the weather and climate.\n\n\n\nFor more information, check out my article on over watering.\n\n\n\nFertilizing\n\n\n\nBefore planting your cherry tree, you will want to ensure\nthat the soil contains plenty of organic material from compost. You may also need to fertilize to supplement\nsome nutrients, especially if the soil quality in your yard is poor.\n\n\n\nAdd some compost to your soil before planting cherry trees to give them organic material and nutrients.\n\n\n\nThe best way to find out for sure is to do a soil test. For more information, check out my article on how to do a soil test.\n\n\n\nAlso, remember that it is possible to over fertilize your trees. For more information, check out my article on over fertilizing.\n\n\n\nPruning\n\n\n\nMost fruit trees require occasional pruning, and cherry\ntrees are no exception. Prune your\ncherry trees in late winter (not fall) to encourage new growth. This new growth will lead to new branches that\nwill eventually produce fruit.\n\n\n\nConclusion\n\n\n\nBy now, you have a much better idea of when to expect a\ncherry tree to bear fruit. You also know\nthe basics of how to ensure that your cherry trees produce more fruit\nconsistently.\n\n\n\nI hope you found this article helpful \u2013 if so, please share it with someone else who can use the information.\n\n\n\nIf you have other types of fruit trees, you might want to check out my article on when a fig tree bears fruit, my article on when a pear tree bears fruit, and my article on when a peach tree bears fruit.\n\n\n\nYou can learn about dwarf fruit trees, which are easier to maintain and harvest from, in my article here or read my article on cold hardy fruit trees.